|Typically a forged metal results in the following:
· Drawing Out of the Metal: Increased length decreased cross-section.
· Upsetting the Metal: Decrease in length decreased cross-section.
· Change in Length: Change in Cross-Section: resulting in favorable grain flow for strong parts.
Tips for selecting the Right Forging Technology:
· Technology to remain competitive must come out with cost effective alternatives. That is the reason computer aided techniques like CAD, CAM,CAE and Finite Element analysis(FEA) based computer simulation, are used to selecting the right forging process.
· Understanding the forged materials’ flow behaviour under processing conditions.
· Knowledge of the die geometry and materials.
· Environmental considerations.
· Evaluating the mechanics of deformation process-stress and strain
· Friction and Lubricating processes
· Natured of the Forging Equipment.
Applications of Forging Process:
Wide Variety of uses in different kinds of industries.
Automobile Industry: wheel Spindles, Kingpins, Axle beams and shafts, torsion bars, balls studs, idler arms and steering arm.
Agro-Industries: Engine and Transmission components, levers, gears, shafts and spindles to tie-rod ends, spike harrow teeth and cultivator shafts.
Aerospace : Bulkheads, hinges, wing roots, engine mounts, brackets, beams, shafts, landing gear cylinders and struts, wheels, brake carriers and discs and arresting hooks, blades, buckets coupling etc.